History of Swat from BACTRAIN till Yousafzai(300 BC - 1500 AD)
The BACTRAIN Greek king invaded the region in 185 BC. MENANDER was the most successful
of their king between 155-130BC. The Bactrain was followed by SEYTHIAN also called Sakas;
they were the central Asian nomadic tribe who was dislodged by YEUHI-CHI tribes from the
shore of Aral Sea. The sythian were over thrown by PARTHIAN. Parthians were the Iranian
people who brought Greek culture and western artistic culture in to the Gandhara. Ghandara
school of Arts is developed during this period.
The Parthian rule was dismantled by KUSHANS in 60 AD. The kushan was a branch of the yeuhi-chi nomadic tribe. This period was the most
significant rule of the history of the area. They not only ruled but also expanded the culture
of this region beyond its boundaries. The western and eastern touches are combining in the
image of Buddha. The touches are combining in the image of Buddha. The famous king kanishka built most of the religious monuments, who was a stronger preacher of this faith. He transformed
Ghandhara in to a holy land.
WHITE HUNS (HEPHTALITA) a fierce barbarian from central Asia overthrows the
kushans Dynasty. The Buddhists were forced to far-plung northern areas. While
the end of Huns rule cause destruction and killing of monks, some escaped and
took shelter in the mountains. The fall of white Huns calls TURK SHAHI and after
them HINDU SHAHI occupied the area.
In the eleventh century SULTAN MAHMOOD GHAZNAVI defeated the last ruler of Hindu shahi known as Raja Gira under the command of
khushal khan (pir khushhal Baba) at Udigram. The Ghaznavied were accompanied by
Dilazaks pathan and swati pathan (both are pathan tribes) than after mohmood settle
down pathan tribes while pushing the Aryan race natives in to the mountains.
After hundreds of year the name of Ghandhara was replaced. The population was slowly
converted in to Muslim by the efforts of Muslim kings and sufia where it presents
99.6% of the population representing Muslims strong hold.
The Gahaznavied were
replaced by GURIED and continued by other Muslim rulers and different tribes from
time to time. But what is important the arrival of YOUSAFZAI PAKHTUNS in swat I 1525
under the leadership of Malik Ahmad and Sheikh Mali with a possession to Dilazaks
and the swati pathan. Sultan Owas was their king in Manglawer as their capital.
After a tug of war between the yousafzai and swatis, The swatis ere ultimately
expelled to Hazara in the Block Mountains. The yousafzai divided the land among
the clans and became the landowners of the Valley.
Written by: Umar Khan From: Mingora Veiwed: 6408 Times since Date:2005-09-10